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This document contains information about a future release and not the current stable version (4). Be aware that information on this page may change and API's may not be stable for production use.

Introduction to Controllers

The following example is for a simple Controller class. When building off the SilverStripe Framework you will subclass the base Controller class.

mysite/code/controllers/TeamController.php

<?php

class TeamController extends Controller {

    private static $allowed_actions = array(
        'players',
        'index'
    );

    public function index(HTTPRequest $request) {
        // ..
    }

    public function players(HTTPRequest $request) {
        print_r($request->allParams());
    }
}

Routing

We need to define the URL that this controller can be accessed on. In our case, the TeamsController should be visible at http://yoursite.com/teams/ and the players custom action is at http://yoursite.com/team/players/.

If you're using the cms module with and dealing with Page objects then for your custom Page Type controllers you would extend ContentController or PageController. You don't need to define the routes value as the cms handles routing.

Make sure that after you have modified the routes.yml file, that you clear your SilverStripe caches using ?flush=1.

mysite/_config/routes.yml

---
Name: mysiteroutes
After: framework/routes#coreroutes
---
SilverStripe\Control\Director:
  rules:
    'teams//$Action/$ID/$Name': 'TeamController'

For more information about creating custom routes, see the Routing documentation.

Actions

Controllers respond by default to an index method. You don't need to define this method (as it's assumed) but you can override the index() response to provide custom data back to the Template and Views.

It is standard in SilverStripe for your controller actions to be lowercasewithnospaces

Action methods can return one of four main things:

  • an array. In this case the values in the array are available in the templates and the controller completes as usual by returning a HTTPResponse with the body set to the current template.
  • HTML. SilverStripe will wrap the HTML into a HTTPResponse and set the status code to 200.
  • an HTTPResponse containing a manually defined status code and body.
  • an HTTPResponse_Exception. A special type of response which indicates an error. By returning the exception, the execution pipeline can adapt and display any error handlers.

mysite/code/controllers/TeamController.php

/**
 * Return some additional data to the current response that is waiting to go out, this makes $Title set to 
 * 'MyTeamName' and continues on with generating the response.
 */
public function index(HTTPRequest $request) {
    return array(
        'Title' => 'My Team Name'
    );
}

/**
 * We can manually create a response and return that to ignore any previous data.
 */
public function someaction(HTTPRequest $request) {
    $this->setResponse(new HTTPResponse());
    $this->getResponse()->setStatusCode(400);
    $this->getResponse()->setBody('invalid');

    return $this->getResponse();
}

/**
 * Or, we can modify the response that is waiting to go out.
 */
public function anotheraction(HTTPRequest $request) {
    $this->getResponse()->setStatusCode(400);

    return $this->getResponse();
}

/**
 * We can render HTML and leave SilverStripe to set the response code and body.
 */
public function htmlaction() {
    return $this->customise(new ArrayData(array(
        'Title' => 'HTML Action'
    )))->renderWith('MyCustomTemplate');
}

/**
 * We can send stuff to the browser which isn't HTML
 */
public function ajaxaction() {
    $this->getResponse()->setBody(json_encode(array(
        'json' => true
    )));

    $this->getResponse()->addHeader("Content-type", "application/json");

    return $this->getResponse().
}

For more information on how a URL gets mapped to an action see the Routing documentation.

Security

See the Access Controller documentation.

Templates

Controllers are automatically rendered with a template that makes their name. Our TeamsController would be rendered with a TeamsController.ss template. Individual actions are rendered in TeamsController_{actionname}.ss.

If a template of that name does not exist, then SilverStripe will fall back to the TeamsController.ss then to Controller.ss.

Controller actions can use renderWith to override this template selection process as in the previous example with htmlaction. MyCustomTemplate.ss would be used rather than TeamsController.

For more information about templates, inheritance and how to render into views, See the Templates and Views documentation.

Each controller should define a Link() method. This should be used to avoid hard coding your routing in views etc.

mysite/code/controllers/TeamController.php

public function Link($action = null) {
    return Controller::join_links('teams', $action);
}

The Controller::join_links() is optional, but makes Link() more flexible by allowing an $action argument, and concatenates the path segments with slashes. The action should map to a method on your controller.

API Documentation

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