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File management

Asset admin

Management of files within the CMS is provided via the silverstripe/asset-admin module. This is a rich and user friendly interface supporting most basic file operations, as well as control over the publishing and security of files.

asset admin

UploadField

If you have the silverstripe/asset-admin module installed then this provides a powerful component SilverStripe\AssetAdmin\Forms\UploadField.

upload field

You can add it to a page as below:

<?php

use SilverStripe\AssetAdmin\Forms\UploadField;
use SilverStripe\Assets\Image;
use SilverStripe\CMS\Model\SiteTree;

class Page extends SiteTree
{
    private static $has_one = [
        'Banner' => Image::class,
    ];

    public function getCMSFields()
    {
        $fields = parent::getCMSFields();
        $fields->addFieldToTab('Root.Main', UploadField::create('Banner', 'Page Banner'), 'Content');
        return $fields;
    }
}

UploadField options include:

  • setIsMultiUpload() - Set to allow many files per field, or one only.
  • setAllowedExtensions() - Set list of extensionse this field can accept.
  • setAllowedFileCategories() - Alternatively specify allowed extensions via category instead.
  • setFolderName() - Name of folder to upload into
  • getValidator() - Get instance of validator to specify custom validation rules

File visibility

In order to ensure that assets are made public you should check the following:

  • The "Who can view this file?" option is set to "Anyone" or "Inherit" in the asset-admin. This can be checked via File::canView() or File::$CanViewType property.
  • The file is published, or is owned by a published record. This can be checked via File::isPublished()
  • The file exists on disk, and has not been removed. This can be checked by File::exists()

File shortcodes

Shortcodes represent an embeded asset within a block of HTML text. For instance, this is the content of a page with a shortcode image:

<p>Welcome to SilverStripe! This is the default homepage.</p>
<p>[image src="/assets/e43fb87dc0/12824172.jpeg" id="27" width="400" height="400" class="leftAlone ss-htmleditorfield-file image" title="My Image"]</p>

File shortcodes have the following properties:

  • canView() will not be checked for the file itself: Instead this will be inherited from the parent record this is embedded within.
  • The file is automatically "owned", meaning that publishing the page will also publish the embedded file.

Within the CMS shortcodes can be added via either the "Insert Media" modal, or the "Link to a file" buttons provided via the silverstripe/asset-admin module.

Creating files in PHP

When working with files in PHP you can upload a file into a SilverStripe\Assets\File dataobject using one of the below methods:

Method Description
File::setFromLocalFile Load a local file into the asset store
File::setFromStream Will store content from a stream
File::setFromString Will store content from a binary string

Upload conflict resolution

When storing files, it's possible to determine the mechanism the backend should use when it encounters an existing file pattern. The conflict resolution to use can be passed into the third parameter of the above methods (after content and filename). The available constants are:

Constant If an existing file is found then:
AssetStore::CONFLICT_EXCEPTION An exception will be thrown
AssetStore::CONFLICT_OVERWRITE The existing file will be replaced
AssetStore::CONFLICT_RENAME The backend will choose a new name.
AssetStore::CONFLICT_USE_EXISTING The existing file will be used

If no conflict resolution scheme is chosen, or an unsupported one is requested, then the backend will choose one. The default asset store supports each of these.

Accessing files via PHP

As with storage, there are also different ways of loading the content (or properties) of the file:

Method Description
File::getStream Will get an output stream of the file content
File::getString Gets the binary content
File::getURL Gets the url for this resource. May or may not be absolute
File::getAbsoluteURL Gets the absolute URL to this resource
File::getMimeType Get the mime type of this file
File::getMetaData Gets other metadata from the file as an array
File::getFileType Return the type of file for the given extension

Additional file types

SilverStripe has a pre-defined list of common file types. File::getFileType will return "unknown" for files outside that list.

You can add your own file extensions and its description with the following configuration.

SilverStripe\Assets\File:
  file_types:
    ai: 'Adobe Illustrator'
    psd: 'Adobe Photoshop File'

Modifying files

In order to move or rename a file you can simply update the Name property, or assign the ParentID to a new folder. Please note that these modifications are made simply on the draft stage, and will not be copied to live until a publish is made (either on this object, or cascading from a parent).

When files are renamed using the ORM, all file variants are automatically renamed at the same time.

use SilverStripe\Assets\File;

$file = File::get()->filter('Name', 'oldname.jpg')->first();
if ($file) {
  // The below will move 'oldname.jpg' and 'oldname__variant.jpg'
  // to 'newname.jpg' and 'newname__variant.jpg' respectively
  $file->Name = 'newname.jpg';
  $file->write();
}

Adding custom fields to files and images

As with any customisation of a core class, adding fields to the File and Image classes is a two-phased approach. First, you have to update the model (i.e. the $db array) to include your new custom field. Second, you need to update the editform to provide a way of editing that field in the CMS. For most core classes, this can be done in a single extension, with an update to the $db array and definition of an updateCMSFields function, but for files and images, it works a bit differently. The edit form is generated by another class -- FileFormFactory. You will therefore need two separate extensions.

In this example, we'll add a description field to the File object and give it an editable field in the CMS.

app/_config/app.yml

SilverStripe\Assets\File:
  extensions:
    - MyProject\MyFileExtension
SilverStripe\AssetAdmin\Forms\FileFormFactory:
  extensions:
    - MyProject\MyFormFactoryExtension

app/src/MyFileExtension.php

namespace MyProject;

use SilverStripe\ORM\DataExtension;

class MyFileExtension extends DataExtension
{
    private static $db = [
        'Description' => 'Text',
    ];
}

app/src/MyFormFactoryExtension.php

namespace MyProject;

use SilverStripe\Core\Extension;
use SilverStripe\Forms\FieldList;
use SilverStripe\Forms\TextareaField;

class MyFormFactoryExtension extends Extension
{
    public function updateFormFields(FieldList $fields)
    {
        $fields->insertAfter(
            'Title',
            TextareaField::create('Description', 'Description')
        );
    }
}

File versioning

File versioning is extended with the silverstripe/versioned module, which provides not only a separate draft and live stages for any file, but also allows a complete file history of modifications to be tracked.

To support this feature the SilverStripe\Assets\AssetControlExtension provides support for tracking references to physical files, ensuring published assets are accessible, protecting non-published assets, and archiving / deleting assets after the final reference has been deleted.

Configuring file ownership

When working with files attached to other versioned dataobjects it is necessary to configure ownership of these assets from the parent record. This ensures that whenever a Page (or other record type) is published, all assets that are used by this record are published with it.

For example:

<?php

use SilverStripe\Assets\Image;
use SilverStripe\CMS\Model\SiteTree;

class Page extends SiteTree
{
    private static $has_one = [
        'Banner' => Image::class,
    ];
    private static $owns = ['Banner'];
}

Avoid exclusive relationships

Due to the shared nature of assets, it is not recommended to assign any 1-to-many (or exclusive 1-to-1) relationship between any objects and a File. E.g. a Page has_many File, or Page belongs_to File.

Instead it is recommended to use either a Page has_one File for many-to-1 (or 1-to-1) relationships, or Page many_many File for many-to-many relationships.

Unpublishing assets

Assets can be unpublished on a case by case basis via the asset admin section. Please note that when unpublishing an asset, this will remove this asset from all live pages which currently link to or embed those images.

Configuring file archiving

By default files which do not exist on either the live or draft stage (but do have a version history) are removed from the filesystem.

In order to permanantly keep a record of all past physical files you can set the File.keep_archived_assets config option to true. This will ensure that historic files can always be restored, albeit at a cost to disk storage.

SilverStripe\Assets\File:
  keep_archived_assets: true

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