Keep your SilverStripe installations up to date with the latest fixes, security patches and new features.

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Upgrading to SilverStripe 4

SilverStripe applications should be kept up to date with the latest security releases. Usually an update or upgrade to your SilverStripe installation means overwriting files, flushing the cache and updating your database schema.

See our upgrade notes and changelogs for 4.0.0 specific information, bugfixes and API changes.

Composer

SilverStripe CMS is becoming more modular, and composer is becoming the preferred way to manage your code.

For projects managed through Composer, we recommend using recipe-cms in your composer.json file to help you keep up to date and run composer update.

{
    "require": {
        "silverstripe/recipe-cms": "^1"
    }
}

This will also add extra dependencies, such as the admin, asset-admin, reports, errorpage and siteconfig modules.

If you want more granular control over what gets installed, reading through the README documentation in the recipe plugin repository and also checking the composer.json files in recipe-core and recipe-cms.

For a description on how to handle issues with pre-existing composer installs or upgrading other modules, please read through the Composer dependency update section

Manual upgrades

  • Check if any modules (e.g. blog or forum) in your installation are incompatible and need to be upgraded as well.
  • Backup your database content.
  • Backup your webroot files.
  • Download the new release and uncompress it to a temporary folder.
  • Leave custom folders like themes in place.
  • Rename mysite/code folder to app/src, updating your app/_config/mysite.yml config to set the new project name.
  • Identify system folders in your webroot (cms, framework and any additional modules).
  • Delete existing system folders (or move them outside of your webroot).
  • Add a private static $table_name = 'MyDataObject' for any custom DataObjects in your code that are namespaced. This ensures that your database table name will be MyDataObject instead of Me_MyPackage_Model_MyDataObject (converts your namespace to the table_name).
  • Ensure you add namespaces to any custom classes in your mysite folder. Your namespaces should follow the pattern of Vendor\Package with anything additional defined at your discretion. Note: The Page and PageController classes must be defined in the global namespace (or without a namespace).
  • Install the updated framework, CMS and any other modules you require by updating your composer.json configuration and running composer update. Some features have been split into their own modules, such as asset-admin and errorpage. Please refer to recipe-cms composer.json and recipe-core composer.json for a list of recommended modules to include.
  • Check if you need to adapt your code to changed PHP APIs. For more information please refer to the changelog. There is an upgrader tool available to help you with most of the changes required (see below).
  • Visit http://yoursite.com/dev/build/?flush=1 to rebuild the website database.
  • Check if you have overwritten any core templates or styles which might need an update.

Never update a website on the live server without trying it on a development copy first!

Environment variables file changed to dotenv

SilverStripe 4 requires the use of .env and no longer supports using _ss_environment.php for your environment configuration.

You'll need to move your constants to a new .env file before SilverStripe will build successfully.

For further details about the .env migration, read through the _ss_environment.php changed to .env section

If you have installed the upgrader tool, you can use the environment command to generate a valid .env file from your existing _ss_environment.php file.

cd ~/my-project-root
upgrade-code environment --write

Read the upgrader environment command documentation for more details.

Using the upgrader tool

We've developed an upgrader tool which you can use to help with the upgrade process to SilverStripe 4. See the README documentation in the repository for more detailed instructions on how to use it.

index.php and .htaccess rewrites

The location of SilverStripe's "entry file" has changed. Your project and server environment will need to adjust the path to this file from framework/main.php to public/index.php.

For more details, please read through the index.php and .htaccess rewrites section

After installing, run the upgrader doctor command:

cd ~/my-project-root
upgrade-code doctor

This will ensure that your .htaccess and index.php are set to a reasonable default value for a clean installation.

Renamed and namespaced classes

Nearly all core PHP classes in SilverStripe have been namespaced. For example, DataObject is now called SilverStripe\ORM\DataObject.

For a full list of renamed classes, check the .upgrade.yml definitions in each module.

After installing, run the upgrader upgrade command:

cd ~/my-project-root
~/.composer/vendor/bin/upgrade-code upgrade ./app/src --write

Migrating files

Since the structure of File dataobjects has changed, a new task MigrateFileTask has been added to assist in migration of legacy files (see file migration documentation).

$ ./vendor/bin/sake dev/tasks/MigrateFileTask

Upgrade tips

While there's some code we can automatically rewrite, other uses of changed SilverStripe APIs aren't that obvious. You can use our inspect to get some hints on where you need to review code manually. Hints will generally point to more detail about a specific upgrade in this guide. This task requires the upgrader tool.

~/.composer/vendor/bin/upgrade-code inspect ./mysite

These hints only cover a part of the upgrade work, but can serve as a good indicator for where to start.

If you've already had a look over the changelog, you will see that there are some fundamental changes that need to be implemented to upgrade from 3.x. Here's a couple of the most important ones to consider:

  • PHP 5.6 is now the minimum required version (and up to PHP 7.1.x is supported!).
  • CMS CSS has been re-developed using Bootstrap 4 as a base.
  • SilverStripe code should now be PSR-2 compliant. While this is not a requirement, we strongly suggest you switch over now. You can use tools such as phpcbf to do most of it automatically.
  • We've also introduced some best practices for module development. See the Modules article for more information.

Additional tips easily missed

Object class replaced by traits The Object class has been superceded by three traits:

  • Injectable: Provides MyClass::create() and MyClass::singleton()
  • Configurable: Provides MyClass::config()
  • Extensible: Provides all methods related to extensions (E.g. add_extension()). $this->class no longer recommended, should use static::class or get_class($classObject) instead.

Rewrite literal table names
Use $table = SilverStripe\ORM\DataObject::getSchema()->tableForField($model, $field) instead of $model directly.

Rewrite literal class names
For example, referencing the class name 'Member' should be Member::class or if you're in YML config it should be SilverStripe\Security\Member.

Template locations and references
Templates require the folder path inside the templates folder, and Core templates are placed in paths following the class namespace, e.g. FormField is now SilverStripe/Forms/FormField.
When using the <% include %> syntax, you can leave out the Includes folder in the path.

Config settings should be set to private static
We no longer support public static $config_item on classes, it now needs to be private static $config_item.

Module paths can't be hardcoded
Modules may not be placed in a deterministic folder (e.g. /framework), you should use getters on the Module object instead.

Please see the changelogs for more details on ways that the getters on the Module object could be used.

Adapt tooling to modules in vendor folder SilverStripe modules are now placed in the vendor folder like many other composer package.

Modules need to declare which files need to be exposed via the new vendor-plugin, using symlinks to link to files from the publically accessible resources folder.

SS_Log replaced with PSR-3 logging SilverStripe 4 introduces PSR-3 compatible logger interfaces. Services can access the logger using the LoggerInterface::class service.

Please see the changelogs for more details on how to implement logging.

Upgrade mysite/_config.php The globals $database and $databaseConfig are deprecated. You should upgrade your site _config.php files to use the .env configuration.
conf/ConfigureFromEnv.php is no longer used, and references to this file should be deleted.

Session object removes static methods Session object is no longer statically accessible via Session::inst(). Instead, Session is a member of the current request.

Extensions are now singletons This means that state stored in private/protected variables are now shared across all objects which use this extension.
It is recommended to refactor the variables to be stored against the owner object.

Explicit text casting on template variables Calling $MyField on a DataObject in templates will by default cast MyField as Text which means it will be safely encoded.
You can change the casting for this by defining a casting config on the DataObject:

    private static $casting = [
        'MyField' => 'HTMLText'
    ];

Decision Helpers

How easy will it be to update my project? It's a fair question, and sometimes a difficult one to answer.

  • "Micro" releases (x.y.z) are explicitly backwards compatible, "minor" and "major" releases can deprecate features and change APIs (see our release process for details)
  • If you've made custom branches of SilverStripe core, or any thirdparty module, it's going to be harder to upgrade.
  • The more custom features you have, the harder it will be to upgrade. You will have to re-test all of those features, and adapt to API changes in core.
  • Customizations of a well defined type - such as custom page types or custom blog widgets - are going to be easier to upgrade than customisations that modify deep system internals like rewriting SQL queries.

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