This document contains information for an outdated version (2.4) and may not be maintained any more. If some of your projects still use this version, consider upgrading as soon as possible.
SilverStripe has its own error trapping and handling support.
SilverStripe recognises two basic levels of error:
WARNING: Something strange has happened; the system has attempted to continue as best it can, but the developers need to look at this. This category also include areas where a newer version of SilverStripe requires changes to the site's customised code.
- FATAL ERROR: There is no way that the system can attempt to continue with the particular operation; it would be dangerous to report success to the user.
You should use user_error to throw errors where appropriate. The more information we have about what's not right in the system, the better we can make the application.
E_USER_WARNING: Err on the side of over-reporting warnings. The more warnings we have, the less chance there is of a developer leaving a bug. Throwing warnings provides a means of ensuring that developers know whow
- Deprecated functions / usage patterns
- Strange data formats
- Things that will prevent an internal function from continuing. Throw a warning and return null.
- E_USER_ERROR: Throwing one of these errors is going to take down the production site. So you should only throw E_USER_ERROR if it's going to be dangerous or impossible to continue with the request.
Note that currently, the SilverStripe core doesn't follow these standards perfectly.
- Right now, every failed SQL statement throws a fatal error. Many 'select' queries could probably be reduced to warnings.
- A lot of assertion checking in the system that throws errors when it should throw warnings.
Friendly Website Errors
An HTTP 500 error will be sent when there has been a fatal error on either a test or production site. You can make this friendlier - much like the 404 page, the error content can be edited within the CMS.
- Create a page of type ErrorPage
- Set the error code to 500
- Publish the page.
HOW IT WORKS: The publication script for ErrorPage will write the full HTML content, including the template styling, to assets/error-500.html. The fatal error handler looks for the presence of this file, and if it exists, dumps the content. This means that database access isn't required to provide a 500 error page.
Requires SilverStripe 2.3 You can indicate a log file relative to the site root. The named file will have a terse log sent to it, and the full log (an encoded file containing backtraces and things) will go to a file of a similar name, but with the suffix ".full" added.
// log errors and warnings SS_Log::add_writer(new SS_LogFileWriter('/my/logfile/path'), SS_Log::WARN, '<='); // or just errors SS_Log::add_writer(new SS_LogFileWriter('/my/logfile/path'), SS_Log::ERR);
Deprecated method (SS 2.3 ?)
In addition to SilverStripe-integrated logging, it is adviseable to fall back to PHPs native logging functionality. A script might terminate before it reaches the SilverStripe errorhandling, for example in the case of a fatal error.
ini_set("log_errors", "On"); ini_set("error_log", "/my/logfile/path");
You can send both fatal errors and warnings in your code to a specified email-address.
// log errors and warnings SS_Log::add_writer(new SS_LogEmailWriter('firstname.lastname@example.org'), SS_Log::WARN, '<='); // or just errors SS_Log::add_writer(new SS_LogEmailWriter('email@example.com'), SS_Log::ERR);
Deprecated method (SS 2.3 ?)
Debug::send_errors_to("firstname.lastname@example.org"); Debug::send_warnings_to("email@example.com"); // Optional, implied by send_errors_to()