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User Permissions


This class implements SilverStripe's permission system.


Permissions are defined on a group-by-group basis. To give a permission to a member, go to a group that contains them, and then select the permissions tab, and add that permission to the list.

The simple usage, Permission::check("PERM_CODE") will detect if the currently logged in member has the given permission. See the API docs for more options.

Group ACLs

  • Call Permission::check("MY_PERMISSION_CODE") to see if the current user has MY_PERMISSION_CODE.
  • MY_PERMISSION_CODE can be loaded into the Security admin on the appropriate group, using the "Permissions" tab.

You can use whatever codes you like, but for the sanity of developers and users, it would be worth listing the codes in permissions:codes


PermissionProvider is an interface which lets you define a method providePermissions(). This method should return a map of permission code names with a human readable explanation of its purpose (see permissions:codes).

class Page_Controller implements PermissionProvider {
  function init() {
    if(!Permission::check("VIEW_SITE")) Security::permissionFailure();

  function providePermissions() {
    return array(
      "VIEW_SITE" => "Access the site",

This can then be used to add a dropdown for permission codes to the security panel. Permission::get_all_codes() will be a helper method that will call providePermissions() on every applicable class, and collate the resuls into a single dropdown.

Default use

By default, permissions are used in the following way:

  • The 'View' permission is checked when opening a page
  • The 'View' permissions is used on all default datafeeds:
    • If not logged in, the 'View' permissions must be 'anyone logged in' for a page to be displayed in a menu
    • If logged in, you must be allowed to view a page for it to be displayed in a menu

NOTE: Should the canView() method on SiteTree be updated to call Permission::check("SITETREE_VIEW", $this->ID)? Making this work well is a subtle business and should be discussed with a few developers.

Setting up permissions

  • By default, permissions are linked to groups. You define a many-many relationship called Can(permname), eg, "CanView". Please note that group permissions are more efficient, as SQL joins are used to filter data.
  • Alternatively, you can create a custom permission by defining a function called can(permname)

Using permissions

  • On an individual data record, $page->can("View", $member = null) and be called. If a member isn't passed, the currently logged in member is assumed.
  • On a request, $request->hasPermission("View", $member = null) can be called. See datamodel for information on request objects.

API Documentation


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